Dynamic hydrosalinity models are available, but are not used extensively on a large scale soil which receives wastewater from industrial areas, partly because adequate database are expensive to be obtained. Thus, for this reason, there is an urgent need to assess the salt and other pollutant loads collected in wastewater flows into the soil and/ or ground water systems. A conceptual hydrosalinity model was used on two major underlying principals of mass balance and steady state. This model was initially tested on the 4,117 Km2 plains west of the Yazd-Ardakan district in the central part of Iran. This model was used at a time when the soil and ground water salinity problem was serious due to the high shortage of water. It was possible to calibrate the model with Â± 2 % of the flow volume and total dissolved solids of the industrial wastewater discharge from over 2,000 factories. The verification results were 98 % of the measured values. Moreover, this model was tested for the verification of the model data from the analysis of 36 wellsâ€™ water in the area where industrial wastewater discharge was used. The results showed that most of the indices of total dissolved solids, total suspended solids, biological oxygen demand and chemical oxygen demand are above standard levels. The results of the model can be used for the management practice of the reduction of salt pollutant load in the area to achieve sustainable development for location of industries in the study area.
Alizadeh, A., (2003). Principles of applied hydrology. Tehran University Publications, Tehran, Iran.
AOAC, (2002). Official methods of analysis. Association of Official, Analytical Chemists, Washington DC. USA.
APHA, (2005). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 21st. American Public Health Association, American Water Works Association, Water Pollution and Control Federation, Washington DC. USA. Abstract
Ardakanian, R., (2003). Sustainable development strategies on water and sewage affairs. Assembly of Sustainable Development in Executive Parts of the Country, Department of the Environment Publications, Tehran, Iran.
AWWA, (1990). Water quality and treatment. . American Water Works Association. McGraw Hill Co., New York.
Bowmer, K. H.; Laut, P., (1992). Wastewater management and resource recovery in intensive rural industries in Australia. Water Res., 26 (2), 201-208 (8 Pages)Abstract
Buchholz, R. A., (1998). Principles of environmental management. The greening of business. 2nd. Ed., Prentice Hall, London, UK. Abstract
Chindah, A. C.; Braide, A. S.; Sibeudu, O. C., (2004). Distribution of hydrocarbons and heavy metals in sediment a crustacean (shrimpsâ€“penaeus notialis) from the Bonny/New Calabar River estuary, Niger Delta. Ajeam-Ragee, 9 (1), 1-17 (17 Pages)
Currie, J. C., (1998). Water and environment. New York: E. Harward. Abstract
Furtado, A. A. L.; Albuquerque, R. T.; Leite, S. G. F.; Pecanha, R. P., (1998). Effects of hydraulicretention time on nitrification in an airlift biological reactor. Braz. J. Chem. Eng., 15 (3), 303-307 (5 Pages)Abstract
Gao, S.; Tanji, K. K.; BaÃ±uelos, G. S., (2007). Processes and conditions affecting elevated arsenic concentrations in ground waters of Tulare Basin, California, USA. Book chapter. Trace metals and other contaminants in the environment, Vol. 9, 383-410.
Hai-long, Y.; Zu-xin, X; Huai-zheng, L.; Song, L., (2006). Numerical modeling of wastewater transport and degradation in soil aquifer. J. Hydrodynamics, 18 (5), 597-605 (9 Pages). Full Text (355 K)
Howari, F. M.; banat, K. M., (2002). Hydrochemical characteristics of the Jordan and Yarmouk River waters: Effects of natural and human activities. J. Hydrol. Hydromech., 50 (1), 50-64 (15 Pages)Abstract
Jalali, M.; Merikhpoura, H.; Kaledhonkarb, M. J.; Van Der Zee, S. E. A. T. M., (2008). Effects of wastewater irrigation on soil sodicity and nutrient leaching in calcareous soils. Agr. Water Manag., 95 (2), 143-153 (11 Pages)Abstract
Jamab Consultants (2001). Final reports about Yazd water. Ministry of Power, Tehran, Iran.
James, W.; Muller, F., (1992). Model for prescribing ground water use permit. J. water res. plan. manag., 118 (5), 543-561 (19 Pages)Abstract
Jordaan, J. M.; Plat, E. J.; Prins.; J. E., Veltrop, J. A., (1993). Water in our common future, research agenda for sustainable development of water resources. COWAR/UNESCO, Paris, France.
Karbassi, A. R.; Shankar, R., (1994). Magnetic susceptibility of bottom sediments and suspended particulates from Mulki-Pavanje River, estuary and adjoining shelf, west coast of India. J. Geophysic. Res., 99 (5), 10207-10220 (14 Pages)
Khublarian, M. G., (1989). Chemical substance transport in soil and its effects on ground water quality. Environ. Health Persp., 83, 31-37 (7 Pages)
Mapanda, F.; Nyamadzawo, G.; Nyamangara, J., Wuta, M., (2007). Effects of discharging acid-mine drainage into evaporation ponds lined with clay on chemical quality of the surrounding soil and water. Phys. Chem. Earth Pts. A; B; C, 32 (15-18), 1366-1375 (10 Pages)Abstract
Metcalf and Eddy, (2003). Wastewater engineering: Treatment and reuse. 4th. Ed., McGraw Hill, New York.
Mirbagheri, S. A.; Kazemi, A., (2008). Finite element modeling of leaching from a municipal landfill. J. Appl. Sci., 8 (4), 629-635 (7 Pages), DOI: 10.3923/jas.2008.629.635. Abstract | Full Text
Mirbagheri, S. A.; Tanji, K. K.; Taher, R., (2008). Selenium transport and transformation modeling in soil Column. Hydrol. Proc., 22 (14), 2475-2483 (9 Pages), DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6842. Abstract | Full Text
Olayinka, K. O.; Alo, B. I., (2004). Studies on industrial pollution in Nigeria: The effect of textile effluents on the quality of ground water in some parts of logos. Nigerian J. Health Biomed. Sci., 3 (1), 44-50 (7 Pages)Abstract
Peluso, F.; GonzÃ¡lez Castelain, J.; Usunoff, E., (2001). A simple methodology for assessing ground water related environmental risk in salliquelo town, Argentina. J. Environ. Hydrol., 9 (2), 1-9 (9 Pages)Abstract
Shalini, K.; Sanjay, S.; Singh, R. V., (2004). Impact of domestic and industrial effluent on water and soil quality of Sanganer of â€œHeritage Cityâ€, Jaipur. Int. J. Chem. Sci., 2 (1), 27-36 (10 Pages)Abstract
SimmonsÂ ,G. T.; Kumar,Â A.Â N.; Woods, J. A.; Herczeg, A. L., (2002). Ground water flow and solute transport at the Mourquong saline-water disposal basin, Murray Basin, southeastern Australia. Hydrogeol. J., 10 (2), 278-295 (18 Pages), DOI: 10.1007/s10040-002-0192-x. Abstract | Full Text
Ugochukwu, C. N. C., (2004). Effluent monitoring of an oil servicing company and its impact on the environment. Ajeam-Ragee, 8 (1), 27-30 (4 Pages)Abstract | Full Text
WHO, (1989). Guidelines for drinking water quality, Health Criteria and Supporting Information. Word Health Organization. 2, Geneva